Geographic Designation

To make progress in the existing Guarantee of Origin of Chile system in our country, Wines of Chile, together with the Agriculture and Livestock Service (SAG), have come up with three additional geographic classifications: Andes (Andes Cordillera), Coast (land adjacent to the coast of the Pacific Ocean), and Between Cordilleras (central valley), to continue educating the trade, consumers, and educators on Chile’s viticulture.

These new classifications were not designed to replace the previous ones, but rather to complement them with additional information regarding altitude, soil, and the climatic characteristics of the land encompassed in the three different geographies that divide the country from west to east, from the Pacific Coast to the Central Valley, and finally to the Andes Mountains.

Andes

The Andes Cordillera, the longest mountain range in the world, is without a doubt one of the factors that defines Chile’s geography by creating a natural eastern border that stretches from the arid desert in the north to the lush desert of the south in Patagonia.

With a sedimentary soil and cool mountain breeze that sweeps down from great heights to descend upon the valley, the Andes Cordillera provides coolness, temperature control, and solar regulation. These climatic effects help the vines to have a slow maturation process while preserving the acidity in the fruits and producing wines with very good natural acidity, excellent coloring, and balance.

Coast

When the fresh breeze off the Pacific Ocean collides with the invigorating wind from the Andes Cordillera, it produces a unique and beneficial cool climate in the Coastal area, where the white wine varieties of Chile and the cold-climate reds find their optimal point of maturation.

A cool natural environment is produced for viticulture thanks to the influence from the Humboldt Current. Together with the minerality of the soils and the almost constant presence of morning fog, this enables the slow maturation of grapes resulting in wines that are extremely complex and elegant, with mineral undertones present and high natural acidity.

Between Cordilleras

Chile’s vibrant viticulture has historically been concentrated in the Central Valley, a long strip of land closed in by the Andes to the east and the Coastal Mountains to the west, encapsulating this “Between Cordilleras” area. This region offers up a multitude of terroirs defined by a Mediterranean climate, great solar radiation, sedimentary soils, and cool nights, all of which promote a very healthy viticulture and the development of deep red wines with character.

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