Variety is not random, it is thanks to the diversity of our landscapes that we manage to have different climates and terrains within just one country that can produce the best wines and the most incredible flavours, many of which have received prestigious international awards.
A journey through Chile is a journey around the world. Its landscapes evoke the most diverse postcards which may be obtained by visiting landscapes of other countries on different continents, but we have it all here - in just one place. The unusual geography of our country - which presents a particularly long and slim territory compared to its width - is one of the many unique characteristics. With clear natural boundaries, the northern limit is the Atacama Desert, one of the driest in the world, while the south ends with Patagonia’s glaciers. To the east and all along the border is the great Andes mountain range, and to the west, the Pacific Ocean. Each one of these barriers allows us to have healthy agricultural processes, almost organic by nature.
But when talking about wines, it isn’t the length but the narrow belt of the land that enables us to have a great variety to harvest. It is the width from the mountains to the sea that surprises us with its geography and multiple terrains.
The chains of mountains that cross the country from East to West create rivers that go in the same direction and have formed over millions of years the alluvial terraces that are especially valuable for the cultivation of vines.
From the north to the south of the country there is a great variety of climates but in the centre, and the most traditional wine regions, it is mainly a mild mediterranean climate. The rain is concentrated in the winter and spring, with a large dry period that lasts until autumn. The strong influence from the cold maritime Humboldt current and the cool breezes that descend from the mountains, create a great difference of temperature between the day and night, which is particularly suitable for the production of healthy grapes.
This mosaic of climates and ‘terroirs’ combined with a vinicultural industry with few restrictions on the cultivation and production of wines, explains the success of Chilean wines around the world. One example is Clos Apalta 2005 from Viña Lapostolle, which in 2008 won first place in the annual ranking of the 100 best wines in the world, according to Wine Spectator. Icon wines from Viña Errázuriz, Viña Seña and Viñedos Chadwick have also competed with surprising success facing the famous wines from the Old World in the different tastings known as ‘Berlin Tastings’. Then there is also Carmín de Peumo, the first top end wine made completely from Carmenere and the only Chilean variety that has been distinguished twice by being awarded 97 points by Robert Parker, The Wine Advocate.